What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a neurologically-based, often familial disorder which interferes with the acquisition of language. Varying in the degrees of severity, it is manifested by difficulties in receptive and expressive language, including phonological processing, in reading, writing, spelling, handwriting and sometimes arithmetic. Dyslexia is not the result of lack of motivation, sensory impairment, inadequate instructional or environmental opportunities, but may occur together with these conditions. Although dyslexia is lifelong, individuals with dyslexia frequently respond successfully to timely and appropriate intervention.
Unfortunately, many children with dyslexia do not receive appropriate language arts instruction, never become fluent readers and writers, and become learning disabled adults with often low income and frustrated aspirations. The cost to society in underutilized capabilities is enormous.
- Dyslexia is the most common form of learning disabilities.
- 20% of children entering school do not perceive and process the sounds of language well and have high risk of developing poor reading skills.
- 5% (2 million) of students in public schools are participating in special education learning disabilities programs at an annual cost of $4-6 billion.
- More than 10% of the U. S. population - 25 million people - suffer from learning disabilities.